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Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of the entire nervous system, composed of the brain, spinal cord and spinal column, as well as the nerves that travel through all parts of the body.

A neurological surgeon may provide either surgical or non-surgical care, depending on the nature of the injury or illness.

Neurological Surgery is a discipline of medicine and that specialty of surgery which provides the operative and nonoperative management (ie, prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care, and rehabilitation) of disorders of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting structures and vascular supply; the evaluation and treatment of pathological processes that modify the function or activity of the nervous system, including the hypophysis: and the operative and nonoperative management of pain. As such, neurological surgery encompasses the surgical, nonsurgical and stereotactic radiosurgical treatment of adult and pediatric patients with disorders of the nervous system: disorders of the brain, meninges, skull base, and their blood supply, including the surgical and endovascular treatment of disorders of the intracranial and extracranial vasculature supplying the brain and spinal cord; disorders of the pituitary gland; disorders of the spinal cord, meninges, and vertebral column, including those that may require treatment by fusion, instrumentation, or endovascular techniques; and disorders of the cranial and spinal nerves throughout their distribution.

Disorders of the brain, spine and nerves commonly treated by neurosurgeons include:

Carotid Artery Disease, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Cervical Spine Disorders, Chronic Pain, Craniosynostosis, Epilepsy, Head Injury, Herniated Disk, Hydrocephalus, Intracranial Aneurysm, Lumbar Spinal Stenosis, Meningomyelocele, Parkinson's Disease, Spina Bifida, Spinal Cord Injury, Stroke, Trigeminal Neuralgia, and Tumors.